What causes hair loss in men?
Generally speaking, there are two phases of hair growth. The first one is the growing phase of hair. It is called anagen. The second one is the phase when hair is sleeping. And it is called telogen. There are about 100,000 hairs in the human scalp. Growing hairs constitute about 80 % of them and sleeping hairs – about 20 %. The average amount of hairs that can be lost in a day is about 100.
Hair loss, or alopecia, can be of different kinds. Among them there are:
Androgenetic alopecia – also known as Male Pattern Baldness (MPB);
Alopecia areata - temporary bald spot;
Telogen effluvium – temporary hair loss conditioned by stress.
Androgenic alopecia, or male pattern baldness is the most frequently encountered kind of hair loss in men. It is characterized by gradual hair loss on the top of the head and along the angles in its frontal part. It usually begins to reveal itself when a man is in his twenties and thirties. It is scientifically proved that the causes for androgenic alopecia are inherited factors and the effect of male hormone dihydrotestosterone.
What causes female hair loss?
Doctors and hair specialists have come to the unanimous conclusion that the prevalent type of female hair loss is the so called Female Pattern Hair Loss, or Female Pattern Baldness (FPB). It is different from Male Pattern Baldness in its character and manifestation, but it also has much to do with hormones, genetics and heredity. Statistics say that female pattern baldness makes up for 95 % of all hair loss cases in women.
The cause of Female Pattern Baldness is the androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It is the male hormone that is produced in both men’s and women’s organisms. The level of it is regulated by the enzyme called 5-alpha reductase. People, which bodies produce more dihydrotestosterone than it should be are more predisposed to losing their hair, as dihydrotestosterone in hair follicles makes them thinner and thinner in course of time until they stop producing hair at all. That is why the situation usually gets worse with the menopause, as during this period in women’s life there are considerable hormonal changes.
In contrast to Male Pattern Baldness (when men lose hair predominantly on the top of the head and in front above the temples), there’s a general thinning of the hair on the whole head in case with women. They lose more hair over the top and sides of the head.
Among other common types of hair loss in women is alopecia areata. It is an autoimmune disease that affects more than 2 % of the American population. In this case the cause is white blood cells, more precisely, their excess. They constantly attack hair follicles until they become smaller and smaller. Hair growth slows down noticeably. It seems that hair stops growing at all – there may be no progress in its length and thickness for months and even years. In course of time bald patches may occur. But you should remember that in any way hair follicles don’t die and in case of proper treatment they may produce new hair again.
Can stress cause hair loss?
Yes, stress can cause hair loss in case of telogen effluvium. It happens about 3 or 4 months after the insult, deep emotional strain or some other stressful situation. Your hair seems to fall out all of a sudden and it is sometimes very difficult to investigate the real cause. For women pregnancy is the most common factor that causes telogen effluvium. It results in extensive hair loss in the first few months after the birth of a child. Though, this type of hair loss is temporary and your hair can be restored completely if treated properly.
What are androgens and how are they involved in hair loss?
“Androgens” is the common name for male hormones. One of them is testosterone. It’s active form is called dihydrotestosterone. And as a matter of fact, it is the excessive amount of dihydrotestosterone in genetically predisposed hair follicles causes male pattern baldness, or androgenetic alopecia. Hair loss products that are developed specially for men block the conversion of dihydrotestosterone from testosterone and allow inactive hairs to become active and grow again.
Which role genetics play in hair loss?
Genetics is not proved to be the major cause for androgenetic alopecia. Male pattern baldness is polygenic, i.e. there are several factors at work, and genetics contributes much to it. But the question whether having an affected mother or an affected father predisposes androgenetic alopecia in descendants remains unanswered.
Can hair loss occur in young men?
Male pattern baldness usually begins to occur at the age from 20 to 40, but it can begin even at the age of 15 when a young man enters puberty. Hereditary factor plays a great role here: parents who developed male pattern baldness at the early age increase the possibility of it in their descendants. Temporary forms of hair loss such as alopecia areata and telogen effluvium can begin in children as young as one year of age.
What can cause a sudden loss of a large amount of hair?
Excessive hair loss can be the result of stresses, sickness, high fever, emotional strains, pregnancy, use of some drugs, extreme weight loss or gain. It can be explained in the following way: this happens when the correlation between anagen (growing hairs) and telogen (sleeping hairs) is changed because of the above-named factors and a large amount of growing hairs shift into the sleeping phase. Thus, a great mass of normally sleeping hairs drop out. But you should not panic as this kind of hair loss is temporary and you can regrow your hair fast in case of proper treatment.
Do Provillus Pills have any side effects?
Provillus Pills is a natural hair loss treatment that is absolutely harmless. No side effects have been discovered yet.
Can shampoos and other hair care products be the cause of hair loss?
Yes, they can. Though shampoos and other hair care products are designed to be safe, certain constituents in them can arouse an allergic reaction that can eventually lead to hair loss. Also, inflammation of the scalp can be the result of the use of hair straighteners, hair curlers and driers, some caustic hair dyes and other hair products.
Can my hairstyle cause my hair to drop out?
Yes, it can. This type of hair loss is called traction alopecia. It may occur when your hair is pulled back, fastened or braided tightly. Don’t overdo with such hairstyles that involve tight rows, braids or pull-backs. If you wear such hairstyles for a long time you can develop a very serious traction alopecia that will be difficult to treat.